With more than 15,000 trees of different species and 125 hectares of gardens, “Retiro Park” is the lung of Madrid.

Retiro Park is the favourite park for tourists thanks to its central location and is the scene of various activities.
With its many attractions, it is one of the 10 places of tourism in Madrid.

History of Retiro Park

The gardens that belonged to the Jerónimos Monastery were frequently visited by the Catholic Monarchs.
This fact is attested by Cardinal Cisneros, who commented:
“The monastery of San Jerónimo is located outside the walls of the town of Madrid, as the court is present here most of the time, along with the royal persons and many other court knights.”

In the 17th century, the Count-Duke of Olivares created an area for King Felipe IV and his court near the Parish of San Jeronimo, which subsequently grew in significance.
It was formally opened to the public in 1868 and declared an artistic-historic garden in 1935.

From the monastery, we have only retained the church and the Cloister. To visit them, you must go through the Prado Museum, of which it is now a part.

Components of Retiro Park

The Parque del Buen Retiro houses numerous gardens that run through its entire length.
Among its architectural and historical elements, you can enjoy sculptures, monuments dedicated to famous people, squares, sports facilities, ponds, and terraces where you can have a drink.

It contains different ornamentations, among which stands out the Big Lake that has existed since its inauguration and offers several activities such as rowing boats during the day and the Municipal School of Canoeing for children and young people from 7 to 17 years old.

At one of the lake sides stands the Monument to Alfonso XII that borders the lake, a project by the architect José Grasés Riera from the 20th century.
The work frames the lake. With those two elements, any photograph will look like a postcard.

Cristal Palace

It is in 1887 that the Crystal Palace whose iron and glass construction was finished.
The most beautiful thing about the palace is the integration of its structure with the nature that surrounds it.

Palacio de Cristal en el Parque del Retiro, Madrid

Palacio de Velázquez

Actually, the Palacio de Velázquez, located nearby the Crystal Palace, hosts temporary exhibitions from the Reina Sofía Museum and has a nice exterior made of two-tone bricks and ornate tiles.

Palacio de Velázquez en el Parque del Retiro, Madrid

Gardens into Retiro Park

In the Cecilio Rodríguez Gardens we can find small ponds, water fountains, sculptures, vines that climb columns, pergolas, and numerous peacocks.

La Rosaleda was built in 1915 and accommodates 4,000 rosebushes within its roughly 0.8 hectares.
Moreover, the Parterre Garden boasts the Bald Cypress, a species that has resided in the park since its establishment, and is deemed the most mature tree in Madrid.

Walking through its gardens, we can find the Monument to the Fallen Angel, which represents Lucifer at the moment of his expulsion from paradise.

More to do near Retiro Park in Madrid

Near the park, you have the Art Triangle, formed by three of the best museums in the world. Also have the San Jerónimo Parish and the Plaza de la Cibeles.
From there, you can make a plan to visit Madrid in 1 day or use these tips for your first visit to Madrid.

Our accommodations in Madrid

We have apartments for months in the Centro area, for months in Retiro area, quieter and less touristy are the apartments for months in the Salamanca district.
For short stay, we have accommodations for days next to Calle Serrano and Paseo de la Castellana, in the Escultor Building.