Rental housing management is an activity that involves the administration of real estate properties, with a particular focus on the management of rentals and leases. Understanding this process is crucial, especially for homeowners in Madrid.
Rental management in Madrid can be complex, especially if you have no experience in the real estate sector.
Rental property management: key aspects
Successfully managing a rental property in Madrid requires a thorough knowledge of the laws and regulations related to renting, as well as an understanding of the taxes and tax obligations associated with the income derived from it.
Additionally, it’s important to understand the responsibilities that come with rental management, from finding tenants, drawing up leases, and collecting rent payments, to keeping the property in optimal condition and having any necessary repairs done in a timely manner.
Contact our Homeowners department if you want to find out how we can help you.
Taxation in housing management
Taxation is a critical aspect of rental management and can be complex due to the various taxes and tax obligations involved.
It is important to keep in mind that taxation in rental management may vary depending on the autonomous community and the specific characteristics of the rental contract.
Some of the key tax obligations are:
Value Added Tax (VAT): applies to rentals that do not constitute a primary residence, such as tourist rentals or seasonal rentals.
Personal Income Tax (IRPF): applied to rental income. It is important to note that some expenses can be deducted, such as maintenance and repair expenses, interest on loans, and home insurance, among others.
Property Tax (IBI): applies to the property of the property and must be paid by the owner, regardless of whether the property is rented or not.
Declaration of Economic Activity (IAE): in the case of habitual and professional rentals, the income is declared under the direct estimation regime.
Tenant Tax Obligations
The Property Transfer Tax (ITP) is levied, among other property transfers, on real estate rentals, as it constitutes a right to the usability of the home. It applies when the rental contract is entered into, affects all leases except premises or dwellings for commercial use, and must be paid by the tenant or lessee.
Stamp Duty (AJD) is applied when certain legal or administrative documents are formalized.
Again, we include the IRPF with the withholding of 19% on the rent paid to the landlord and its subsequent declaration to the Tax Agency.
It is advisable to have the advice of a professional in the field to comply with all tax obligations and avoid possible penalties.
Options for managing rental housing in Madrid
Rental management can be carried out in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and goals of each landlord.
It can be done directly by the owner, who takes care of all aspects related to the property, or by hiring a real estate manager, a professional dedicated to the full or partial management of properties. Each option has its pros and cons, and it’s important to evaluate which one best fits your needs as a homeowner.
Direct housing management by the owner
The owner is in charge of directly managing the property, from the advertising of the property to the selection of tenants, the formalization of the contract, and the maintenance of the property. This option may be suitable for owners with experience in property management and time availability.
Hiring a Real Estate housing Manager
Real estate managers are professionals who offer comprehensive management services or more partial options that are tailored to the specific needs of each homeowner.
They perform tasks ranging from finding and selecting tenants to maintaining the property. Although these services come at a cost, they provide peace of mind to the owner by delegating management to experts.
Types of rental in housing management
Each type of rental has its own characteristics and affects management differently. This includes long-term rentals or primary residences, tourist rentals, and seasonal rentals.
Each has its pros and cons, and understanding their particularities is critical to making informed decisions.
Long-term rental or primary residence
It involves renting the property for a much longer period of time, ranging from 5 years.
Its management is very simple and can be recommended for owners who are looking for a stable long-term return, but their profitability is lower and the risk is higher.
It involves renting out the property for short periods, such as days or weeks, for holiday use.
It may offer a higher return than long-term rentals, but it requires more intensive management and can have a higher tenant turnover rate.
This type of management is intermediate and often offers a competitive return with a simpler management than tourist rentals. Lately this model is the most common and at DFLAT Madrid we specialize in it.
Impact on home sales
In some cases, selling the property may be the final option for the homeowner, especially if they need liquidity or feel that the value of the property has peaked. It can be sold at a profit to another investor or to a finalist buyer.
If the property has been intended for rent, this can influence its sale value. Proper management can have a positive impact on the sale value of the property.
In summary, rental property management is essential to maximizing the income from a real estate property in Madrid. Whether you decide to manage it on your own or hire a professional, understanding the taxation, management options, and rental modalities available will allow you to make wise decisions.
Ready to get the most out of your property?
Contact our Homeowners department if you want to know more about rental management in Madrid and find out how we can help you. Check out the landlords section of your blog if you want to know more about us.
Don’t underestimate the value of effective housing management; it can make all the difference in your experience as a homeowner.